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HomeAcademic staffDr Darren James
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I was awarded my PhD from LSBU in 2012 for work in the field of foot and ankle biomechanics. I remained here as a research fellow to continue working on an externally funded footwear project and then later accepted a full academic post. I currently hold the position of Senior Lecturer in the School of Applied Sciences and I remain research active specialising in clinical biomechanics.

My research interest is in the musculoskeletal system and its adaptation to exercise, injury and pathology. I have chosen to specialise in the foot and ankle complex with a particular interest in the function of the intrinsic foot musculature.

My PhD work investigated the adaptations to barefoot locomotion and within this work a concept for a mid-sole design was conceived and subsequently developed with external funding from a footwear company. The brand was 'FitFlop' and the concept became globally recognised, so much so that the impact of the research was regarded as 4* and highly commended by Main Panel C in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework.

Also, within this doctoral work I experimented with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) as a training modality for selected intrinsic foot muscles. I continue to work in this field and have received funding from the British Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society and awarded my own PhD student as well as internships from the Physiological Society to develop this line of research further. We have developed a specific NMES paradigm with the intention to strengthen the injured / pathological foot and a future goal is to commercially develop this into a biomedical device.

The potential for therapeutic interventions to improve either sporting performance or the health and wellbeing of individuals is at the forefront of my teaching and underpins my research interests.

Courses taught

Sport and Exercise Science - BSc (Hons)

Postgraduate Research Supervision
Current
Miss Nelly Alejandra Fragoso VargasFabella evolution and biomechanicsPhD

Awarded in the last 5 years
Mr Andrei Leonardo Perez OliveraOPTIMISATION OF A NEUROMUSCULAR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION PARADIGM FOR TARGETED STRENGTHENING OF AN INTRINSIC FOOT MUSCLE. PhD
Miss Milou Tessa BrandStepping into recalibration: an exploration of age-related effectsPhD
Mr Bruno Giuseppe StraiottoSpatiotemporal analysis of coordination in Taekwondo kicking and backwards-forwards movement: a comparison between elite and non-elite playersPhD
PhD in Biomechanics

London South Bank University

2004
2012
BSc (Hons) Sport & Exercise Science

London South Bank University

2001
2004

Biomechanics and Control of Human Movement

Other
Review Editor
2019

Injury Prevention & Rehabilitation

Other
Review Editor
2020

Impact of different mechanical and metabolic stimuli on the temporal dynamics of muscle strength adaptation
Lambrianides, Y., Epro, G., Smith, K., Mileva, K., James, D. and Karamanidis, K. (2022). Impact of different mechanical and metabolic stimuli on the temporal dynamics of muscle strength adaptation. Journal of strength and conditioning research.

Reliability and Accuracy of a Time-Efficient Method for the Assessment of Achilles Tendon Mechanical Properties by Ultrasonography
Hunter, S., Werth, J., James, D., Lambrianides, Y., Smith, K., Karamanidis, K. and Epro, G. (2022). Reliability and Accuracy of a Time-Efficient Method for the Assessment of Achilles Tendon Mechanical Properties by Ultrasonography. Sensors. 22 (7), p. e2549. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22072549

A voluntary activation deficit in m. abductor hallucis exists in asymptomatic feet.
Perez Olivera, A., Solan, M.C, Karamanidis, K., Mileva, K.N. and James, D. (2021). A voluntary activation deficit in m. abductor hallucis exists in asymptomatic feet. Journal of Biomechanics. 130, p. 110863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110863

Interjoint Coordination in Kicking a Moving Target: A Comparison Between Elite and Nonelite Taekwondo Players.
Straiotto, B.G., Cook, D.P., James, D.C. and Seeley, P.J. (2021). Interjoint Coordination in Kicking a Moving Target: A Comparison Between Elite and Nonelite Taekwondo Players. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2020-0359

Leaning the Trunk Forward Decreases Patellofemoral Joint Loading During Uneven Running.
AminiAghdam, S., Epro, G., James, D. and Karamanidis, K. (2021). Leaning the Trunk Forward Decreases Patellofemoral Joint Loading During Uneven Running. Journal of strength and conditioning research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004128

Evidence that ageing does not influence the uniformity of the muscle-tendon unit adaptation in master sprinters.
Epro, G., König, M., James, D., Lambrianides, Y, Werth, J, Hunter, S and Karamanidis, K. (2021). Evidence that ageing does not influence the uniformity of the muscle-tendon unit adaptation in master sprinters. Journal of Biomechanics. 120, p. 110364. https://doi.org/S0021-9290(21)00144-5

Inter-Limb Mechanical Properties of the Triceps Surae Muscle-Tendon Unit in Master Sprinters
Lambrianides, Y., Epro, G., König, M., James, D., Hunter, S. and Karamanidis, K. (2020). Inter-Limb Mechanical Properties of the Triceps Surae Muscle-Tendon Unit in Master Sprinters.

Identifying consistent biomechanical parameters across rising-to-walk subtasks to inform rehabilitation in practice: A systematic literature review
Jones, GD, Jones, GL, James, DC, Thacker, M and Green, DA (2021). Identifying consistent biomechanical parameters across rising-to-walk subtasks to inform rehabilitation in practice: A systematic literature review. Gait and Posture. 83, pp. 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.10.001

Direct muscle electrical stimulation as a method for the in vivo assessment of force production in m. abductor hallucis
Olivera, A.L.P., Alzapiedi, D.F., Solan, M.C., Karamanidis, K., Mileva, K. and James, D.C. (2020). Direct muscle electrical stimulation as a method for the in vivo assessment of force production in m. abductor hallucis. Journal of Biomechanics. 100, p. 109606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109606

Gait-initiation onset estimation during sit-towalk: Recommended methods suitable for healthy individuals and ambulatory community-dwelling stroke survivors
Jones, GD, James, D., Thacker, M., Perry, R and Green, DA (2019). Gait-initiation onset estimation during sit-towalk: Recommended methods suitable for healthy individuals and ambulatory community-dwelling stroke survivors. PLoS ONE. 14 (5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217563

Gait-Initiation Onset Estimation During Sit-to-Walk Comparing Healthy Individuals and Ambulatory Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors
Jones, GD, James, DC, Thacker, M, Perry, R and Green, DA (2019). Gait-Initiation Onset Estimation During Sit-to-Walk Comparing Healthy Individuals and Ambulatory Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors. https://doi.org/10.18744/LSBU.002933

Lower body acceleration and muscular responses to rotational and vertical whole-body vibration of different frequencies and amplitudes
Mileva, K., Zaidell, L, James, DC, Bowtell, J, Pollock, RD, Newham, DJ and Sumners, DP (2019). Lower body acceleration and muscular responses to rotational and vertical whole-body vibration of different frequencies and amplitudes. Dose-Response. 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1177/1559325818819946

Parameters that remain consistent independent of pausing before gait-initiation during normal rise-to-walk behaviour delineated by sit-to-walk and sit-to-stand-and-walk.
Jones, GD, James, DC, Thacker, M and Green, DA (2018). Parameters that remain consistent independent of pausing before gait-initiation during normal rise-to-walk behaviour delineated by sit-to-walk and sit-to-stand-and-walk. PLoS ONE. 13 (10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205346

Wide-pulse, high-frequency, low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation has potential for targeted strengthening of an intrinsic foot muscle: A feasibility study
James, D.C., Solan, M.C., Mileva, K.N. and James, D. (2018). Wide-pulse, high-frequency, low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation has potential for targeted strengthening of an intrinsic foot muscle: A feasibility study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0258-1

Loading rate and contraction duration effects on in vivo human Achilles tendon mechanical properties.
McCrum, C, Oberländer, KD, Epro, G, Krauss, P, James, DC, Reeves, N and Karamanidis, K (2017). Loading rate and contraction duration effects on in vivo human Achilles tendon mechanical properties. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. 38 (3), pp. 517-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/cpf.12472

Sit-to-stand-and-walk from 120% knee height: A novel approach to assess dynamic postural control independent of lead-limb
Jones, GD, James, DC, Thacker, M and Green, DA (2016). Sit-to-stand-and-walk from 120% knee height: A novel approach to assess dynamic postural control independent of lead-limb. Journal of Visualized Experiments. 2016 (114). https://doi.org/10.3791/54323

Sit-to-walk and sit-to-stand-and-walk task dynamics are maintained during rising at an elevated seat-height independent of lead-limb in healthy individuals
Jones, GD, James, DC, Thacker, M, Jones, EJ and Green, DA (2016). Sit-to-walk and sit-to-stand-and-walk task dynamics are maintained during rising at an elevated seat-height independent of lead-limb in healthy individuals. Gait and Posture. 48 (July), pp. 226 - 229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.06.005

47 An acute session of high-frequency, low-intensity, wide-pulse electrical stimulation evokes fatigue adaptations in an intrinsic foot muscle
James, DC, Mileva, K. and Solan, MC (2015). 47 An acute session of high-frequency, low-intensity, wide-pulse electrical stimulation evokes fatigue adaptations in an intrinsic foot muscle. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49 (Suppl). https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095573.47

The biomechanical characteristics of wearing FitFlop™ sandals highlight significant alterations in gait pattern: a comparative study.
James, DC, Farmer, LJ, Sayers, JB, Cook, DP and Mileva, K. (2015). The biomechanical characteristics of wearing FitFlop™ sandals highlight significant alterations in gait pattern: a comparative study. Clinical Biomechanics. 30 (4), pp. 347-354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.02.016

Low-frequency accelerations over-estimate impact-related shock during walking.
James, DC, Mileva, K. and Cook, DP (2014). Low-frequency accelerations over-estimate impact-related shock during walking. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 24 (2), pp. 264-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.12.008

Wide-pulse electrical stimulation to an intrinsic foot muscle induces acute functional changes in forefoot-rearfoot coupling behaviour during walking.
James, DC, Chesters, T, Sumners, DP, Cook, DP, Green, DA and Mileva, K. (2012). Wide-pulse electrical stimulation to an intrinsic foot muscle induces acute functional changes in forefoot-rearfoot coupling behaviour during walking. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 34 (5), pp. 438-443. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1321893

Coefficient of cross correlation analysis of kinematics during walking barefoot and in Vibram FiveFingers®
James, DC and Cook, D (2011). Coefficient of cross correlation analysis of kinematics during walking barefoot and in Vibram FiveFingers®. Footwear Science. 3 (SUP 1), pp. S79-S81. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2011.575401