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HomeAcademic staffProfessor Patrick Callaghan
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I specialise in psychosocial interventions for mental health and wellbeing. I am a former Research Executive Member of the UK Council of Deans for Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professionals and Associate Director at the NIHR Clinical Research Network. I was appointed a National Teaching Fellow in recognition of my contribution to outstanding teaching and learning in Higher Education and in 2019 I was presented with the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing for his outstanding contribution to mental health.

My current projects include EMPOWER: Evaluating Mental First Aid in the Workplace and the ESRC-Funded: “Schools As Enabling Spaces To Improve Learning and Health-Related Quality Of Life For Primary School Children In Rural Communities In South Africa”. Member of the NIHR-funded PHIRST Executive Group.

Postgraduate Research Supervision
Current
Miss Sohni SinghDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Miss Paulette Marguerita FranklinDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Mr Opeyemi Olusegun AtandaAn Embedded evaluation of the effectiveness of Mental Health First Aid from the perspective of workplace end-users PhD
Ms Kateryna ChiiachenkoDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
BSc Psychology

University of London, Goldsmiths College

1986
1990
MSc Health Psychology

Middlesex University

1990
1992
PhD Health Psychology

University of Sheffield

1996
2001
Registered Nurse

Argyle and Bute College of Nursing

1982
1985
Chartered Health Psychologist

British Psychological Society

2007
Professor of Mental Health Nursing and Dean of Health Sciences
University of Nottingham

Teaching, research and leadership of School

2006
2017
Education
Reader in Mental Health
City, University of London

Leadership of School, teaching, research and administration

1999
2005
Education
Associate Professor of Behavioural Sciences
The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Teaching, research and course administration

1994
1999
Education
Senior Lecturer in Health Studies
University of East London

Teaching, research and course administration

1991
1994
Education
Clinical Nurse Specialist
The Maudsley Hospital

Clinical practice, supervision of others, clinical research and leadership

1988
1991
Other public sector
FunderYear wonProjectRole
Innovate UK 2021X-Pert Health - UK Scaleup programme Co-Investigator
NHS England & Improvement (NHSE&I)2022IAdaptPrincipal Investigator
Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC)2021AI Award TSET Round Two_UltromicsCo-Investigator
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)2019Schools as Enabling Spaces to Improve Learning and Health-Related Quality of Life for Primary School Children in Rural Communities in South AfricaPrincipal Investigator
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)2018Enhancing de-escalation techniques in adult acute and forensic units: development and evaluation of an evidence-based training intervention (EDITION)Principal Investigator
Mental Health First Aid England2019G080_AppRes_MHFA_CMHPrincipal Investigator
ProposalProjectRoleFunderStatusStatus last updated
X-Pert Health - UK Scaleup programme X-Pert Health - UK Scaleup programme Co-InvestigatorInnovate UK OPEN Approved for submissionNov 2021
X-PERT Diabetes Digital Programme X-PERT Diabetes Digital Programme Co-InvestigatorNational Institute for Health Research (NIHR)OPEN SubmittedNov 2021
G080_AppRes_MHFA_CMHG080_AppRes_MHFA_CMHPrincipal InvestigatorMental Health First Aid EnglandOPEN Approved for submissionApr 2019
British Psychological Society
2007
Royal College of Nursing
1982

Associate editor
2017
2018
University of Malta
External examiner

Mental Health Nursing

July 2014
July 2017
Trinity College Dublin
Visiting professor

Mental Health

December 2012
University of Manchester

Collaboration in Research

Prizes, awards, and accolades

Skellern Lecture (Jun 2012)

Skellern Group

Outstanding contribution to mental health nursing


Lifetime achievement award (Jul 2019)

Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health NUrsing


The effect of exercise on resilience, its mediators and moderators, in a general population during the UK COVID-19 pandemic in 2020: a cross-sectional online study
Callaghan, P. and Rose, M.R. (2022). The effect of exercise on resilience, its mediators and moderators, in a general population during the UK COVID-19 pandemic in 2020: a cross-sectional online study. BMC Public Health. 22 (827). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13070-7

Psychometric Properties of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire in Moderate-to-Severe, Persistent Depression
Sweeney, T, Morriss, R, Nixon, E, Guo, B. and Callaghan, P. (2021). Psychometric Properties of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire in Moderate-to-Severe, Persistent Depression. Mindfulness. 12, pp. 1009-1021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01573-6

Saudi service users' perceptions and experiences of the quality of their mental health care provision in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA): A qualitative inquiry.
Al Mousa, Y., Callaghan, P., Michail, M. and Caswell, G. (2020). Saudi service users' perceptions and experiences of the quality of their mental health care provision in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA): A qualitative inquiry. International journal of mental health nursing. 30 (1), pp. 300-3016. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12784

Evaluation of Mental Health First Aid from the Perspective Of Workplace End UseRs-EMPOWER: protocol of cluster randomised trial phase.
Atanda, Opeyemi, Callaghan, Patrick, Carter, Tim, Durcan, Graham, O'Shea, Nick, Brown, Steve D, Reavey, Paula, Vangeli, Eleni, White, Sarah and Wood, K. (2020). Evaluation of Mental Health First Aid from the Perspective Of Workplace End UseRs-EMPOWER: protocol of cluster randomised trial phase. Trials. 21 (1), p. 715. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04636-0

Training to enhance user and carer involvement in mental health-care planning: the EQUIP research programme including a cluster RCT
Lovell, K., Bee, P., Bower, P., Brooks, H., Cahoon, P., Callaghan, P., Cater, L-A., Cree, L., Davies, L., Drake, R., Fraser, C., Gibbons, C., Grundy, A., Hinsliff-Smith, K., Meade, O., Roberts, C., Rogers, A., Rushton, K., Sanders, C., Shields, G. and Walker, L. (2019). Training to enhance user and carer involvement in mental health-care planning: the EQUIP research programme including a cluster RCT. Southampton Programme Grants for Applied Research. https://doi.org/10.3310/pgfar07090

Behavioural activation therapy for post-stroke depression: the BEADS feasibility RCT
Thomas, S., Drummond, A., Lincoln, N., Palmer, R., das Nair, R., Latimer, N., Hackney, G., Mandefield, L., Walters, S., Hatton, R., Cooper, C., Chater, T., England, R., Callaghan, P., Coates, E., Sutherland, K., Eshtan, S.J. and Topcu, G. (2019). Behavioural activation therapy for post-stroke depression: the BEADS feasibility RCT. National Institute for Health Research. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta23470

A pragmatic randomised controlled trial of preferred intensity exercise in depressed adult women in the United Kingdom: secondary analysis of individual variability of depression
Callaghan, P, Morres, I, Hinton-Bayre, A, Motakis, E and Carter, T (2019). A pragmatic randomised controlled trial of preferred intensity exercise in depressed adult women in the United Kingdom: secondary analysis of individual variability of depression. BMC Public Health. 19 (941), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7238-7

Embedding shared decision-making in the care of patients with severe and enduring mental health problems: The EQUIP pragmatic cluster randomised trial.
Lovell, K, Bee, P, Brooks, H, Cahoon, P, Callaghan, P, Carter, L-A, Cree, L, Davies, L, Drake, R, Fraser, C, Gibbons, C, Grundy, A, Hinsliff-Smith, K, Meade, O, Roberts, C, Rogers, A, Rushton, K, Sanders, C, Shields, G, Walker, L and Bower, P (2018). Embedding shared decision-making in the care of patients with severe and enduring mental health problems: The EQUIP pragmatic cluster randomised trial. PLoS ONE. 13 (8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0201533

The concept of compassion within UK media generated discourse: a corpus informed analysis
Bond, C, Stacey, G, Lymn, J, Redsell, S, Spiby, H, Callaghan, P and Keeley, P (2018). The concept of compassion within UK media generated discourse: a corpus informed analysis. Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14496

An exploration of predictors of children's nurses' attitudes, knowledge, confidence and clinical behavioural intentions towards children and young people who self-harm.
Carter, T, Latif, A, Callaghan, P and Manning, JC (2018). An exploration of predictors of children's nurses' attitudes, knowledge, confidence and clinical behavioural intentions towards children and young people who self-harm. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 27 (13-14), pp. 2836-2846. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14361

Violence risk assessment and management in mental health: a conceptual, empirical and practice critique
Callaghan, P and Grundy, A (2018). Violence risk assessment and management in mental health: a conceptual, empirical and practice critique. Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice. 13 (1), pp. 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-04-2017-0027

The feasibility of nurse-delivered, low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy for irritable bowel syndrome
Dainty, A., Hunt, M., Holtham, E., Kinsella, P., Timmons, S., Fox, M. and Callaghan, P. (2017). The feasibility of nurse-delivered, low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy for irritable bowel syndrome. Gastrointestinal Nursing. 15 (9). https://doi.org/10.12968/gasn.2017.15.9.39

Exploring Students’ Participation in Universal, Depression and Anxiety, Prevention Programmes at School: A Meta-aggregation
Bastounis, A, Callaghan, P, Lykomitrou, F, Aubeeluck, A and Michail, M (2017). Exploring Students’ Participation in Universal, Depression and Anxiety, Prevention Programmes at School: A Meta-aggregation. School Mental Health. 9 (4), pp. 372-385. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12310-017-9230-7

Monitoring oral health of people in Early Intervention for Psychosis (EIP) teams: The extended Three Shires randomised trial
Adams, C, Clark-Wells, N, Clifton, A, Jones, H, Simpson, J, Tosh, G, Callaghan, P, Liddle, P, Guo, B, Furtado, V, Khokar, MA and Aggarwal, VR (2017). Monitoring oral health of people in Early Intervention for Psychosis (EIP) teams: The extended Three Shires randomised trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 77, pp. 106-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.10.005

"Our Care through our eyes": impact of a co-produced digital education programme on nurses’ knowledge, confidence and attitudes in providing care for children and young people who have self-harmed: a mixed-methods study in the UK
Manning, JC, Carter, T, Latif, A, Cooper, J, Horsley, A, Armstrong, M, Crew, J, Wood, D, Callaghan, P and Wharrad, H (2017). "Our Care through our eyes": impact of a co-produced digital education programme on nurses’ knowledge, confidence and attitudes in providing care for children and young people who have self-harmed: a mixed-methods study in the UK. BMJ Open. 7 (4). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014750

Evaluation of a co-delivered training package for community mental health professionals on service user- and carer-involved care planning
Grundy, AC, Walker, L, Meade, O, Fraser, C, Cree, L, Bee, P, Lovell, K and Callaghan, P (2017). Evaluation of a co-delivered training package for community mental health professionals on service user- and carer-involved care planning. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 24 (6), pp. 358-366. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12378

Qualitative process evaluation of a psycho-educational intervention targeted at people diagnosed with schizophrenia and their primary caregivers in Jordan
Al-HadiHasan, A, Callaghan, P and Lymn, JS (2017). Qualitative process evaluation of a psycho-educational intervention targeted at people diagnosed with schizophrenia and their primary caregivers in Jordan. BMC Psychiatry. 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-017-1225-2

EQUIP training the trainers: an evaluation of a training programme for service users and carers involved in training mental health professionals in user-involved care planning
Fraser, C, Grundy, A, Meade, O, Callaghan, P and Lovell, K (2017). EQUIP training the trainers: an evaluation of a training programme for service users and carers involved in training mental health professionals in user-involved care planning. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 24 (6), pp. 367-376. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12361

Cost-effectiveness of a preferred intensity exercise programme for young people with depression compared with treatment as usual: An economic evaluation alongside a clinical trial in the UK
Turner, D, Carter, T, Sach, T, Guo, B and Callaghan, P (2017). Cost-effectiveness of a preferred intensity exercise programme for young people with depression compared with treatment as usual: An economic evaluation alongside a clinical trial in the UK. BMJ Open. 7 (11), pp. e016211-e016211. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016211

The impact of advertising patient and public involvement on trial recruitment: embedded cluster randomised recruitment trial
Hughes-Morley, A, Hann, M, Fraser, C, Meade, O, Lovell, K, Young, B, Roberts, C, Cree, L, More, D, O’Leary, N, Callaghan, P, Waheed, W and Bower, P (2016). The impact of advertising patient and public involvement on trial recruitment: embedded cluster randomised recruitment trial. Trials. 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1718-1

Behavioural activation therapy for depression after stroke (BEADS): a study protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled pilot trial of a psychological intervention for post-stroke depression
Thomas, SA, Coates, E, Nair, RD, Lincoln, N, Cooper, C, Palmer, R, Walters, SJ, Latimer, NR, England, TJ, Mandefield, L, Chater, T, Callaghan, P and Drummond, AER (2016). Behavioural activation therapy for depression after stroke (BEADS): a study protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled pilot trial of a psychological intervention for post-stroke depression. Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 2 (1), pp. 45/1-45/12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-016-0072-0

The effectiveness of the Penn Resiliency Programme (PRP) and its adapted versions in reducing depression and anxiety and improving explanatory style: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Bastounis, A, Callaghan, P, Banerjee, A and Michail, M (2016). The effectiveness of the Penn Resiliency Programme (PRP) and its adapted versions in reducing depression and anxiety and improving explanatory style: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Adolescence. 52, pp. 37-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.07.004

The effect of exercise on depressive symptoms in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Carter, T, Morres, I, Meade, O and Callaghan, P (2016). The effect of exercise on depressive symptoms in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 55 (7), pp. 580-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2016.04.016

Evaluating and Quantifying User and Carer Involvement in Mental Health Care Planning (EQUIP): Co-Development of a New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure
Bee, P, Gibbons, C, Callaghan, P, Fraser, C and Lovell, K (2016). Evaluating and Quantifying User and Carer Involvement in Mental Health Care Planning (EQUIP): Co-Development of a New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure. PLoS ONE. 11 (3), pp. e0149973-e0149973. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149973

Bringing meaning to user involvement in mental health care planning: a qualitative exploration of service user perspectives
Grundy, AC, Bee, P, Meade, O, Callaghan, P, Beatty, S, Olleveant, N and Lovell, K (2015). Bringing meaning to user involvement in mental health care planning: a qualitative exploration of service user perspectives. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 23 (1), pp. 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12275

Managing preconceived expectations: mental health service users experiences of going home from hospital: a grounded theory study
Keogh, B, Callaghan, P and Higgins, A (2015). Managing preconceived expectations: mental health service users experiences of going home from hospital: a grounded theory study. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 22 (9), pp. 715-723. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12265

Preferred intensity exercise for adolescents receiving treatment for depression: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial
Carter, T., Guo, B., Turner, D., Morres, I., Khalil, E., Brighton, E., Armstrong, M. and Callaghan, P. (2015). Preferred intensity exercise for adolescents receiving treatment for depression: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry. 15 (1), pp. 247-. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0638-z

A cluster randomised controlled trial and process evaluation of a training programme for mental health professionals to enhance user involvement in care planning in service users with severe mental health issues (EQUIP): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Bower, P, Roberts, C, O'Leary, N, Callaghan, P, Bee, P, Fraser, C, Gibbons, C, Olleveant, N, Rogers, A, Davies, L, Drake, R, Sanders, C, Meade, O, Grundy, A, Walker, L, Cree, L, Berzins, K, Brooks, H, Beatty, S, Cahoon, P, Rolfe, A and Lovell, K (2015). A cluster randomised controlled trial and process evaluation of a training programme for mental health professionals to enhance user involvement in care planning in service users with severe mental health issues (EQUIP): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 16 (1), pp. 348-. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0896-6

Evaluation of the impact of a psycho-educational intervention for people diagnosed with schizophrenia and their primary caregivers in Jordan: A randomized controlled trial
Hasan, AA, Callaghan, P and Lymn, JS (2015). Evaluation of the impact of a psycho-educational intervention for people diagnosed with schizophrenia and their primary caregivers in Jordan: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry. 15 (1), pp. 72-. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0444-7

The strengths based approach as a service delivery model for severe mental illness: a meta-analysis of clinical trials
Ibrahim, N, Michail, M and Callaghan, P (2014). The strengths based approach as a service delivery model for severe mental illness: a meta-analysis of clinical trials. BMC Psychiatry. 14 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-014-0243-6

A mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate the use of a low-intensity, nurse-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
Dainty, AD, Fox, M, Lewis, N, Hunt, M, Holtham, E, Timmons, S, Kinsella, P, Wragg, A and Callaghan, P (2014). A mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate the use of a low-intensity, nurse-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. BMJ Open. 4 (6), pp. e005262-e005262. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005262

‘We have got the tools’: Qualitative evaluation of a mental health Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP) education programme in Ireland
Keogh, B, Higgins, A, DeVries, J, Morrissey, J, Callaghan, P, Ryan, D, Gijbels, H and Nash, M (2014). ‘We have got the tools’: Qualitative evaluation of a mental health Wellness Recovery Action Planning (WRAP) education programme in Ireland. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 21 (3), pp. 189-196. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12068

Evaluation of the impact of a psycho-educational intervention on knowledge levels and psychological outcomes for people diagnosed with Schizophrenia and their caregivers in Jordan: A randomized controlled trial
Hasan, AA, Callaghan, P and Lymn, JS (2014). Evaluation of the impact of a psycho-educational intervention on knowledge levels and psychological outcomes for people diagnosed with Schizophrenia and their caregivers in Jordan: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry. 14 (1), pp. 17-. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-14-17

An oral health intervention for people with serious mental illness (Three Shires Early Intervention Dental Trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Jones, H.F., Adams, C.E., Clifton, A., Simpson, J., Tosh, G., Liddle, P.F., Callaghan, P., Yang, M., Guo, B. and Furtado, V. (2013). An oral health intervention for people with serious mental illness (Three Shires Early Intervention Dental Trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 14 (1), pp. 158/1-158/8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-14-158

The effectiveness of a preferred intensity exercise programme on the mental health outcomes of young people with depression: A sequential mixed methods evaluation
Carter, T, Callaghan, P, Khalil, E and Morres, I (2012). The effectiveness of a preferred intensity exercise programme on the mental health outcomes of young people with depression: A sequential mixed methods evaluation. BMC Public Health. 12 (1), pp. 187-. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-187

Pragmatic randomised controlled trial of preferred intensity exercise in women living with depression
Callaghan, P, Khalil, E, Morres, I and Carter, T (2011). Pragmatic randomised controlled trial of preferred intensity exercise in women living with depression. BMC Public Health. 11 (1), pp. 465-. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-465

A Review of the Nurse Consultant Role
Callaghan, P. and Gamble, C. (2009). A Review of the Nurse Consultant Role. Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust.