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HomeAcademic staffProfessor Maria Mavroulidou
Professor Maria Mavroulidou

Professor Maria Mavroulidou

mavroum@lsbu.ac.uk

Civil and Building Services Engineering

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I am a Professor of Geotechnics at LSBU with previous research employments at NTU-Athens, the University of Surrey and Imperial College, London. I hold a PhD in unsaturated soils and subsurface flow (Surrey), a D.E.A. in geomechanics (INSA Lyon-ECL), a Dipl-Eng in transport engineering (NTU-Athens) and five university degrees (one undergraduate and four postgraduate) in languages and literature.

My main specialisms are expansive, unsaturated and cemented soils in the context of (electro-)chemical and (electro-)biochemical soil stabilisation and waste materials for concrete & soil stabilisation including alkali-activated materials. Previous research focused on traffic-induced air pollutant dispersion & numerical modelling of subsurface flow.

I have obtained HORIZON2020 and EPSRC/UKRI funding as Principal Investigator and worked as Co-Investigator in a number of Knowledge Transfer Partnership projects and funded studentships with prominent engineering companies. I have also obtained industry funding for chemical and biochemical soil stabilisation research (biocementation projects). I have supervised numerous PhD and post-doctoral researchers and have acted as EPSRC and RAEng grant reviewer.

I am currently active in biocement research mostly for soils but also for building/construction materials (bio-brick, bioconcrete) and electrokinetic soil stabilisation projects; these include industry-commissioned and funded research and recently funded projects by the EU/UKRI, namely NOBILIS (EU Grant 101025184) https://nobilis.org.uk/, with Research Fellow Dr Wilson Mwandira on CO2 absorbing biocements for ground improvement, COSMIC (EP/Y029607/1) with Research Fellow Dr Hamed Abdeh Keykha on CO2-Sequestering Mineral Carbonates for ground improvement applications and BIOPHILIC (EP/Y029615/1) with Research Fellow Dr Sumit Joshi on novel biocements for bioconcrete and soil stabilisation. I am also working on Network-Rail commissioned research on electrokinetic biocementation of soft soils encountered in the UK railway network.

I am also pursuing research on alkali-activated cements and other low-carbon cements for soil stabilisation and concrete applications.

I am actively investigating possible waste streams as alternative sources for the required chemicals for biocements and alkali-activated materials. I am welcoming research and industry collaborations in these fields and PhD applicants.

Postgraduate Research Supervision
Current
Mrs Maryam GhaffariDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Mr Jonathan BushDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Mr Camilo Ernesto Velandia PericoDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Mr Trevon Minchelle JosephDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Mr Hamish Laurence McnellyDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Miss Brenda Garcia OranDoctoral Research ProjectPhD
Mr Mostafa Adel Mohamed Labib ElsebaeiDoctoral Research ProjectPhD

Awarded in the last 5 years
Mr Mugdad AlkhateebA Finite Element Analysis of a Moving Load on Slab Track by a High-Speed TrainPhD
FunderYear wonProjectRole
European Commission2024SUMMITSPrincipal Investigator
Istidam Consulting Ltd2023Transformative Technologies - Rabee ShamassCo-Investigator
Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions2023BIOprecipitated PHosphates for Improved Low-carbon Innovative Cements (BIOPHILIC)Principal Investigator
Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions2023CO2-Sequestering Mineral Carbonates (COSMIC): Ground Improvement ApplicationsPrincipal Investigator
Ramboll Group2023Network Rail- Phase 2 Peat Waste TestingPrincipal Investigator
European Commission2021NOBILIS-Novel Biobased Low-carbon Infrastructure SolutionsPrincipal Investigator
Network Rail2019Peat Wastage InvestigationPrincipal Investigator
Network Rail2016SCi060_BEA_Network Rail_Biocementation of railway earthwork materialsPrincipal Investigator
European Commission (H2020)2016BioRailPrincipal Investigator
ProposalProjectRoleFunderStatusStatus last updated
Smart Drainage Management System (SDMS)Sustainable Road Pavement System Co-InvestigatorEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)OPEN In preparationJul 2022
Fellowship Dr Kamal AnandFellowship Dr Kamal AnandPrincipal InvestigatorRoyal SocietyOPEN SubmittedMar 2024
Peat Wastage InvestigationPeat Wastage InvestigationPrincipal InvestigatorNetwork RailOPEN Approved for submissionApr 2020

An assessment of different alkali-activated cements as stabilisers of sulphate-bearing soils
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C., Pantoja-Muñoz, L. and Gunn, M. (2023). An assessment of different alkali-activated cements as stabilisers of sulphate-bearing soils. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. https://doi.org/10.1144/qjegh2022-057

An electrokinetic-biocementation study for clay stabilisation using carbonic anhydrase-producing bacteria
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Satheesh, S., Gunn, M.J., Gray, C., Purchase, D. and Garelick, J. (2023). An electrokinetic-biocementation study for clay stabilisation using carbonic anhydrase-producing bacteria. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-023-29817-7

Concurrent Carbon Capture and Biocementation through the Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) Activity of Microorganisms -a Review and Outlook, Environmental Processes
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Purchase, D. (2023). Concurrent Carbon Capture and Biocementation through the Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) Activity of Microorganisms -a Review and Outlook, Environmental Processes. Environmental Processes. 10 (56). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40710-023-00667-2

Synthesis and Utilisation of Hybrid Metal-Carbonic Anhydrase Enzyme Carrier System for Soil Biocementation
Mwandira, W., Purchase, D., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, J. M. (2023). Synthesis and Utilisation of Hybrid Metal-Carbonic Anhydrase Enzyme Carrier System for Soil Biocementation. Applied Sciences. 13 (17), p. 9494. https://doi.org/10.3390/app13179494

Properties of structural concrete with highstrength cement mixes containing waste paper sludge ash
Mavroulidou, M., Feruku, B. and Boulouki, G. (2022). Properties of structural concrete with highstrength cement mixes containing waste paper sludge ash. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-022-01402-z

Mechanical and durability performance of alkali-activated slag cement concretes with carbonate and silicate activators
Mavroulidou, M., Sanam, I. and Mengasini, L. (2022). Mechanical and durability performance of alkali-activated slag cement concretes with carbonate and silicate activators. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 31, p. 100896. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2022.100896

No Access An investigation of the strength evolution of lime-treated London clay soil
Kichou, Z., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2022). No Access An investigation of the strength evolution of lime-treated London clay soil. Proceedings of the ICE Ground Improvement. 176 (5), pp. 321-332. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgrim.21.00053

The Potential Use of Food Waste in Biocementation Process for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M., Garelick, H. and Purchase, D. (2022). The Potential Use of Food Waste in Biocementation Process for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials. in: Wong, M.H., Purchase, D. and Dickinson, N. (ed.) Food Waste Valorisation World Scientific Publishing.

Alkali-activated slag concrete with paper industry waste
Mavroulidou, M. and Shah, Shamil (2021). Alkali-activated slag concrete with paper industry waste. Waste Management & Research: The Journal for a Sustainable Circular Economy. 39 (3), pp. 466-472. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242x20983890

A Study of Innovative Alkali-Activated Binders for Soil Stabilisation in the Context of Engineering Sustainability and Circular Economy
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C. and Gunn, M. (2021). A Study of Innovative Alkali-Activated Binders for Soil Stabilisation in the Context of Engineering Sustainability and Circular Economy. Circular Economy and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43615-021-00112-2

Electrokinetic biocementation of an organic soil
Safdar, M.U., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Purchase, D., Payne, I. and Garelick, J. (2021). Electrokinetic biocementation of an organic soil. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 21, p. 100405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2021.100405

Towards the Development of Sustainable Ground Improvement Techniques —Biocementation Study of an Organic Soil
Safdar, M.U., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Purchase, D., Gray, C., Payne, I. and Garelick, J. (2021). Towards the Development of Sustainable Ground Improvement Techniques —Biocementation Study of an Organic Soil. Circular Economy and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43615-021-00071-8

Alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag and paper sludge ash in seawater environments
Mengasini, L., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2021). Alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag and paper sludge ash in seawater environments. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. 20, p. 100380. https://doi.org/10.​1016/​j.​scp.​2021.​100380

Innovative methods of ground improvement for railway embankment peat fens foundation soil
Safdar, M.U., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Garelick, J., Payne, I. and Purchase, D. (2020). Innovative methods of ground improvement for railway embankment peat fens foundation soil. Géotechnique. 71 (11), pp. 985-998. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.19.sip.030

Use of paper sludge ash as a calcium-based stabiliser for clay soils
Mavroulidou, M (2018). Use of paper sludge ash as a calcium-based stabiliser for clay soils. Waste Management and Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X18804043

A study on the potential use of paper sludge ash in concrete with glass aggregate
Mavroulidou, M and Awoliyi, S (2018). A study on the potential use of paper sludge ash in concrete with glass aggregate. Waste Management & Research: The Journal for a Sustainable Circular Economy. 36 (11), pp. 1061-1065. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242x18801196

Can waste foundry sand fully replace structural concrete sand?
Mavroulidou, M (2018). Can waste foundry sand fully replace structural concrete sand? Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management. 21 (3), pp. 594-605. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-018-00821-1

A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag
Mavroulidou, M and Martynkova, R (2018). A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes with ground granulated blast furnace slag. Global NEST Journal. https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.002370

Modelling of Heat Energy Recovery Potential form Underground Railways with Nearby Vertical Ground Heat Exchangers in an Urban Environment
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M and Graeme, M (2018). Modelling of Heat Energy Recovery Potential form Underground Railways with Nearby Vertical Ground Heat Exchangers in an Urban Environment. Applied Thermal Engineering. 147, pp. 1059-1069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.10.118

Mechanical Properties and Durability of Concrete with Water Cooled Copper Slag Aggregate
Mavroulidou, M (2017). Mechanical Properties and Durability of Concrete with Water Cooled Copper Slag Aggregate. Waste and Biomass Valorization. 8, pp. 1841-1854. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-016-9819-3

A study of the water retention curve of lime-treated London Clay
Zhang, X, Mavroulidou, M and Gunn, MJ (2016). A study of the water retention curve of lime-treated London Clay. Acta Geotechnica. 12 (1), pp. 23-45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11440-015-0432-6

Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ and Maidment, GG (2015). Ground source heat pumps and their interactions with underground railway tunnels in an urban environment: A review. Applied Thermal Engineering. 93, pp. 147 - 154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.09.011

A study of the properties of alkali activated cement concrete with potassium carbonate activator
Mavroulidou, M. (2023). A study of the properties of alkali activated cement concrete with potassium carbonate activator. 18th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2023. Athens, GREECE 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2023 CEST.

A study of physical and hydraulic properties of green roof substrates including waste materials
Mavroulidou, M. and Gray, C. (2023). A study of physical and hydraulic properties of green roof substrates including waste materials. 10th Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2023) and SECOTOX Conference. Skiathos island, Greece. 05 - 09 Jun 2023

Use of fruit and vegetable waste as growth media in bacterial biocementation for ground improvement applications
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Gray, C. (2023). Use of fruit and vegetable waste as growth media in bacterial biocementation for ground improvement applications. 18th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2023. Athens, GREECE 30 Aug - 02 Sep 2023 CEST.

Biocementation mediated by native Carbonic Anhydrase-producing microbes.
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Garelick, J. and Purchase, D. (2023). Biocementation mediated by native Carbonic Anhydrase-producing microbes. 10th Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2023) and SECOTOX Conference. Skiathos island, Greece. 05 - 09 Jun 2023 CEMEPE.

Synthesis, characterisation, and utilisation of copper nanoflower for biocementation for ground improvement applications
Mwandira, W., Purchase, D., Gunn, M.J. and Mavroulidou, M. (2023). Synthesis, characterisation, and utilisation of copper nanoflower for biocementation for ground improvement applications. 9th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics. Chania, Crete island, Greece 25 Jun - 28 Jul 2023

Biocementation through the carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity of microorganisms -A review
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M., H. Garelick and D. Purchase (2022). Biocementation through the carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity of microorganisms -A review. 9th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2022) and SECOTOX Conference. Mykonos, Greece 03 - 09 Jun 2022

Electrokinetic stabilisation of peat using biobased ground improvement technique
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M.J., Safdar, M.U., Garelick, J., Garelick, H. and Purchase, D. (2022). Electrokinetic stabilisation of peat using biobased ground improvement technique. The 18th International Symposium on Electrokinetic Remediation. Le Havre, France. 20 - 22 Sep 2022

Performance of different chemical soil stabilisers in the presence of sulphates
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C. and Gunn, M. (2021). Performance of different chemical soil stabilisers in the presence of sulphates . 3rd EUROPEAN REGIONAL CONFERENCE OF IAEG. ATHENS, GREECE 06 - 10 Oct 2021

A comparative study of different biocementation implementation methods for embankment foundation soil
Safdar, M., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M., Diane Purchase, Ian Payne and Jonathan Garelick (2021). A comparative study of different biocementation implementation methods for embankment foundation soil . 3rd EUROPEAN REGIONAL CONFERENCE OF IAEG. ATHENS, GREECE 06 - 10 Oct 2021

A comparative assessment of alkali-activated stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C. and Gunn, M. (2021). A comparative assessment of alkali-activated stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils. 17th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2021. Athens, Greece 01 - 04 Sep 2021 Springer.

A comparative study of alkali activated slag cement concretes with carbonates and silicate activators.
Sanam, I. and Mavroulidou, M. A comparative study of alkali activated slag cement concretes with carbonates and silicate activators. 17th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2021. Athens, Greece 01 - 04 Sep 2021 Springer.

A review on the potential use of flammable gases from sewage systems as a source of energy
Ghaffari, M., Paurine, A., Ali, S. and Mavroulidou, M. A review on the potential use of flammable gases from sewage systems as a source of energy . 17th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2021. Athens, Greece 01 - 04 Sep 2021 Springer.

Alkali-activated cements for ground improvement
Mavroulidou, M, Gray, C and Gunn, M J (2020). Alkali-activated cements for ground improvement. 6th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, Sustainable Development and Circular Economy (Greenchem6). Thessaloniki, Greece 20 - 23 Sep 2020

A comparative assessment of chemical stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C., Gumbochuma, F. and Gunn, M.J. (2020). A comparative assessment of chemical stabilisers including waste materials, for the treatment of swelling-shrinking soils. E-UNSAT2020. Lisbon 19 - 21 Oct 2020

Implementation of biocementation for a partially saturated problematic soil of the UK railway network
Safdar, MU, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, MJ, Gray, C, Diane, P, Jonathan, G and Ian, P (2020). Implementation of biocementation for a partially saturated problematic soil of the UK railway network. e-unsat2020. Lisbon 19 - 21 Oct 2020

Biocementation of an organic soil using indigenous ureolytic bacteria
Safdar, M U, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M J, Garelick, J, Payne, I and Purchase, D (2020). Biocementation of an organic soil using indigenous ureolytic bacteria. 6th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, Sustainable Development and Circular Economy (Greenchem6). Thessaloniki, Greece 20 - 23 Sep 2020

Innovative cementing agents, used as alternatives to conventional soil stabilisers
Mavroulidou, M., Gray, C., Mbey, P. and Gunn, M. (2019). Innovative cementing agents, used as alternatives to conventional soil stabilisers. ECSMGE 2019 – XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Reykjavik, Iceland 01 - 06 Sep 2019 https://doi.org/10.32075/17ECSMGE-2019-0556

Geotechnical properties of paper recycling waste streams
Mavroulidou, M., Hassan, S., Gray, C., Gunn, M., Youssef, A. and Garelick, J. (2019). Geotechnical properties of paper recycling waste streams. ECSMGE 2019 – XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Reykjavik, Iceland 01 - 06 Sep 2019 https://doi.org/10.32075/17ECSMGE-2019-0560

A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes in seawater environments
Mangasini, L., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2019). A study of alkali-activated concrete mixes in seawater environments. 16th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. CEST2019. Rhodes, Greece 04 - 07 Sep 2019

Innovative methods of ground improvement for two problematic UK railway earthwork materials
Mavroulidou, M., Safdar, M.U., Gunn, M., Gray, C., Payne, I., Garelick, J. and Purchase, D. (2019). Innovative methods of ground improvement for two problematic UK railway earthwork materials. 16th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. CEST2019. Rhodes, Greece 04 - 07 Sep 2019

Comparison of the technical performance of a discretely supported slab track system and an embedded slab track system in a high-speed railway
Alkhateeb, M., Ali, A., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Wehbi, M. (2019). Comparison of the technical performance of a discretely supported slab track system and an embedded slab track system in a high-speed railway. Railway Engineering 2019. Edinburgh, Scotland 03 - 04 Jul 2019

Performance Enhancement of Urban Ground Source Heat Pumps through Interactions with Underground Railway Tunnels
Revesz, A, Chaer, I, Thompson, J, Mavroulidou, M, Gunn, M and Maidment, GG (2018). Performance Enhancement of Urban Ground Source Heat Pumps through Interactions with Underground Railway Tunnels. Ashrae Winter Conference. Chicago 22 - 24 Jan 2018 London South Bank University.

Alternative calcium-based chemical stabilisers for ground improvement: Paper Sludge Ash treatment of London Clay
Mavroulidou, M, Ziniatis, A and Gray, C (2017). Alternative calcium-based chemical stabilisers for ground improvement: Paper Sludge Ash treatment of London Clay. 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology (CEST2017). Rhodes, Greece 31 Aug - 03 Sep 2017

A study on low energy demand materials used in glasscrete to counteract alkali-silica reactions
Mavroulidou, M and Awoliyi, S (2017). A study on low energy demand materials used in glasscrete to counteract alkali-silica reactions. 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology CEST2017. Rhodes, Greece 31 Aug - 02 Sep 2017

Effects of testing techniques on the SWRC of a partially saturated soil
Zhang, X, Mavroulidou, M and Gunn, MJ (2016). Effects of testing techniques on the SWRC of a partially saturated soil. 3rd European Conference on Unsaturated Soils. Online conference 12 Sep 2016 London South Bank University. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20160910006

Use of CO2-induced siderite and dolomite with nanoclay for soil improvement
Abdeh Keykha, H., Mavroulidou, M. and Mohamadzadeh Romiani, H. (2024). Use of CO2-induced siderite and dolomite with nanoclay for soil improvement . XVIII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ECSMGE 2024. Lisbon, Portugal 30 Jul - 26 Aug 2024

Experiments and modelling of soil biocementation using the carbonic anhydrase metabolic pathway
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Gunn, M. and Purchase, D. (2024). Experiments and modelling of soil biocementation using the carbonic anhydrase metabolic pathway. XVIII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ECSMGE 2024. Lisbon, Portugal 30 Jul - 26 Aug 2024

A study of bacteria producing carbonic anhydrase enzyme for CaCO3 precipitation and soil biocementation
Mwandira, W., Mavroulidou, M., Timmermans, M., Gunn, M., Gray, C., Pantoja-Muñoz, L. and Purchase, D. (2024). A study of bacteria producing carbonic anhydrase enzyme for CaCO3 precipitation and soil biocementation . Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-024-34077-0

The challenge of ammonia free soil bio-cementation and recent breakthroughs: A review of phospate minerals for soil biocementation
Joshi, S., Mavroulidou, M. and Gunn, M. (2024). The challenge of ammonia free soil bio-cementation and recent breakthroughs: A review of phospate minerals for soil biocementation. 11th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2024) and SECOTOX Conference. Lefkada, Greece 16 Jun - 20 Jul 2024

Application of CO2 -induced carbonate minerals for soil treatment
Abdeh Keykha, H., Mavroulidou, M. and Mohamadzadeh Romiani, H. (2024). Application of CO2 -induced carbonate minerals for soil treatment. 11th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2024) and SECOTOX Conference. Lefkada, Greece 16 Jun - 20 Jul 2024