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HomeAcademic staffDr Michael Berthaume
Dr Michael Berthaume

Dr Michael Berthaume

berthaum@lsbu.ac.uk

Mechanical Engineering and Design

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1298-242X

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I am a trained mechanical engineer and anthropologists (biological anthropology), with degrees and postdoctoral experience in both fields. My career goal is to establish the independent field of anthroengineering. The three main pillars of my research are human evolutionary biomechanics, the mechanical consequences of human biological variation, and medical devices for low- and middle-income countries. I primarily do pure research, and do not often work with companies, but do work with some NGOs surrounding prosthetic and orthotic (P&O) needs and services.

Primate evolutionary biomechanics: Plio-Pleistocene hominin evolution, dental biomechanics, dental topography, finite element analysis (FEA) of biological systems, craniomandibular biomechanics

Human biological variation: mostly sesamoid bones, with a focus on the ones variably present in the knee in mammals (fabella, cyamella, parafibula). Interested in dispelling the myth of the biology of race.

Med devicesin LMICs: Mostly prosthetic work related to war victims in Sri Lanka. Have additionally worked in Tanzania, and been invited to work in Cambodia and Myanmar.

Postgraduate Research Supervision
Current
Miss Nelly Alejandra Fragoso VargasFabella evolution and biomechanicsPhD
Miss Gemma Ann RansonAnalysis of Amputee Needs in Northern Sri LankaPhD
PGCHE

University of Falmouth, UK

2020
2020
PhD, mechanical engineering

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA

2010
2013
MA, anthropology

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA

2011
2014
BSc, mechanical engineering

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA

2006
2010
PDRA
Department of Engineering, University of Hull

Constructed a finite element model of Legg-Calve-Perthes’ disease

Published a review on the biomechanics of Legg-Calve-Perthes’ disease

2013
2015
Education
PDRA
Max Planck Weizmann Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Performed shape and biomechanical analyses of fossil hominin molars

Created a methodology for linking geometric morphometrics and finite element analysis, used method to investigate cranial sexual dimorphism in Pongo

2015
2017
Education
PDRA
Department of Anthropology, Durham University

Established the Anthroengineering Network

Helped develop and write Leverhulme and NERC grants

2017
2019
Education
PDRA
Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London

Designed an external fixator for low- to middle-income countries

Investigated the biomechanics of the fabella and variation in prevalence rates

2018
2019
Education
FunderYear wonProjectRole
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)2022Guiding treatment for individuals with eating disorders and dementia using masticatory efficiencyPrincipal Investigator
Royal Society2021APEX Public Engagement Grant-Evolutionary noise in biomechanical data: what does it look like?Principal Investigator
BIG South London2021Plastop - BIG Innovation VoucherPrincipal Investigator
Royal Society2021Evolutionary noise in biomechanical data: what does it look like?Principal Investigator
Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF)2019Provision of Innovative Flexible Prosthetic Devices to Limb-Difference Patients in Sri LankaPrincipal Investigator
ProposalProjectRoleFunderStatusStatus last updated
MicroCT system for anthroengineering and evolutionary biomechanicsMicroCT scanner for anthroengineering and evolutionary biomechanicsPrincipal InvestigatorNatural Environment Research Council (NERC)OPEN Approved for submissionApr 2022
NSF-EPSRC:Creation of transport, communication, and storage pathways through structural componentsNSF-EPSRC:Creation of transport, communication, and storage pathways through structural componentsPrincipal InvestigatorEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)OPEN In preparationJan 2022
The effects of sound on wildlife: a deep time perspectiveThe effects of sound on wildlife: a deep time perspectivePrincipal InvestigatorEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)OPEN SubmittedDec 2021
American Association of Anatomists
2017
American Association of Physical Anthropologists
2010
European Society of Human Evolution
2014
OATech Network
2018
The Paediatric Blast Injury Partnership
2018
2019
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Archives of Oral Biology
Bioinspiration and Biomimetics
Current Anthropology
Journal of Dental Research
Journal of the Royal Society Focus
Journal of the Royal Society Open Access
Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Paleobiology
Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties
Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Cannot add new reviewership to grants - Grant - the leakey foundation 2020+
Durham University
External examiner

External examiner for a MSc

September 2020
December 2020
University of Southampton

Collaborator on P&O projects, submitted several grants from 2020+

No end date

June 2020
December 2030
Max Planck Weizmann Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Continuing statistical analyses and write up of previous postdoc work

September 2017
December 2018
World Economic Forum, Global Future Leaders Council

Fellow - Attended yearly meeting in Dubai (Nov 2018), shaped the mission statement and goals of the innovative ecosystems council

Non-education public sector
September 2018
September 2019

Filter publications

Molar biomechanical function in South African hominins
Berthaume, M. and Kupczik, K. (2021). Molar biomechanical function in South African hominins . Interface Focus. 11 (5), p. 20200085. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2020.0085

Introduction to the theme issue ‘Biological anthroengineering’
Kramer, P. and Berthaume, M. (2021). Introduction to the theme issue ‘Biological anthroengineering’. Interface Focus. 11 (5), p. 20210058. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2021.0058

Anthroengineering: an independent interdisciplinary field
Berthaume, M. and Kramer, P. (2021). Anthroengineering: an independent interdisciplinary field. Interface Focus. 11 (5), p. 20200056. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2020.0056

The effects of femoral metaphyseal morphology on growth plate biomechanics in juvenile chimpanzees and humans
Stamos, P. and Berthaume, M.A. (2021). The effects of femoral metaphyseal morphology on growth plate biomechanics in juvenile chimpanzees and humans. Interface Focus. 11 (5), p. 20200092. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2020.0092

Cyamella (a popliteal sesamoid bone) prevalence: A systematic review, meta‐analysis, and proposed classification system
Berthaume, M. and Bull, A. (2021). Cyamella (a popliteal sesamoid bone) prevalence: A systematic review, meta‐analysis, and proposed classification system. Clinical anatomy. pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23743

Unique myological changes associated with ossified fabellae: a femorofabellar ligament and systematic review of the double-headed popliteus
Berthaume, M. A., Barnes, S., Athwal, K.K. and Willinger, L. (2020). Unique myological changes associated with ossified fabellae: a femorofabellar ligament and systematic review of the double-headed popliteus. PeerJ. 8, pp. e10028-e10028. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10028

The landscape of tooth shape: Over 20 years of dental topography in primates
Berthaume, M., Lazzari, Vincent and Guy, Franck (2020). The landscape of tooth shape: Over 20 years of dental topography in primates. Evolutionary anthropology. 29 (5), pp. 245-262. https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.21856

Human biological variation in sesamoid bone prevalence: the curious case of the fabella
Berthaume, M. and Bull, A.M.J. (2019). Human biological variation in sesamoid bone prevalence: the curious case of the fabella. Journal of Anatomy. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13091

Effects of cropping, smoothing, triangle count, and mesh resolution on 6 dental topographic metrics
Berthaume, M., Winchester, J. and Kupczik, K (2019). Effects of cropping, smoothing, triangle count, and mesh resolution on 6 dental topographic metrics. PLoS ONE. 14 (5), p. e0216229. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216229

Ambient occlusion and PCV (portion de ciel visible): A new dental topographic metric and proxy of morphological wear resistance
Berthaume, M., Winchester, J. and Kupczik, K. (2019). Ambient occlusion and PCV (portion de ciel visible): A new dental topographic metric and proxy of morphological wear resistance. PLoS ONE. 14 (5), p. e0215436. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215436

Fabella prevalence rate increases over 150 years, and rates of other sesamoid bones remain constant: a systematic review
Berthaume, M., Di Federico, E. and Bill, A. (2019). Fabella prevalence rate increases over 150 years, and rates of other sesamoid bones remain constant: a systematic review. Journal of Anatomy. 235, pp. 67-79. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.12994

Dental topography and the diet of Homo naledi
Berthaume, M., Delezene, L. and Kupczik, K. (2018). Dental topography and the diet of Homo naledi. Journal of Human Evolution. 118, pp. 14-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.02.006

Extant ape dental topography and its implications for reconstructing the emergence of early Homo
Berthaume, M. and Schroer, K. (2017). Extant ape dental topography and its implications for reconstructing the emergence of early Homo. Journal of Human Evolution. 112, pp. 15-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.09.001

Functional and evolutionary consequences of cranial fenestration in birds
Gussekloo, S., Berthaume, M., Pulaski, D., Westbroek, I., Waarsing, J., Heinen, R., Grosse, I. and Dumont, E. (2017). Functional and evolutionary consequences of cranial fenestration in birds. Evolution. 71 (5), pp. 1327-1338. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.13210

What did Hadropithecus eat, and why should paleoanthropologists care?
Godfrey, L., Crowley, B., Muldoon, K., Kelley, E., King, S., Best, A. and Berthaume, M. (2016). What did Hadropithecus eat, and why should paleoanthropologists care? American Journal of Primatology. 78 (10), pp. 1098-1112. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22506

Skeletal Immaturity, Rostral Sparing, and Disparate Hip Morphologies as Biomechanical Causes for Legg-Calve-Perthes’ Disease
Berthaume, M., Perry, D.C., Dobson, C., Witzel, U., Clarke, N.M. and Fagan, M. (2016). Skeletal Immaturity, Rostral Sparing, and Disparate Hip Morphologies as Biomechanical Causes for Legg-Calve-Perthes’ Disease . Clinical Anatomy. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22690

On the relationship between tooth shape and masticatory efficiency: a finite element study
Berthaume, M. (2016). On the relationship between tooth shape and masticatory efficiency: a finite element study. The Anatomical Record. 299 (5), pp. 679-687. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23328

Mechanical evidence that Australopithecus sediba was limited in its ability to eat hard foods
Ledogar, J., Smith, A., Benazzi, S., Weber, G., Spencer, M., Carlson, K., McNulty, K., Dechow, P., Grosse, I., Ross, C., Richmond, B., Wright, B., Wang, Q., Byron, C., Carlson, K., de Ruiter, D., Berger, L., Tamvada, K., Pryor, L., Berthaume, M. and Strait, D. (2016). Mechanical evidence that Australopithecus sediba was limited in its ability to eat hard foods. Nature Communications. 7 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10596

Food mechanical properties and dietary ecology
Berthaume, M. (2016). Food mechanical properties and dietary ecology. Americal Journal of Physical Anthropology. 159, pp. 79-104. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22903

The Feeding Biomechanics and Dietary Ecology of Paranthropus boisei
Smith, A., Benazzi, S, Ledogar, J., Tamvada, K., Pryor Smith, L., Weber, G., Spencer, M., Lucas, P., Michael, S., Shekeban, A., Al-Fadhalah, K., Almusallam, A, Dechow, P., Grosse, I., Ross, C., Madden, R., Richmond, B., Wright, B., Wang, Q, Byron, C., Slice, D., Wood, S., Dzialo, C., Berthaume, M., van Casteren, A. and Strait, D. (2015). The Feeding Biomechanics and Dietary Ecology of Paranthropus boisei. The Anatomical Record. 298 (1), pp. 145-167. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23073

The effects of relative food item size on optimal tooth cusp sharpness during brittle food item processing
Berthaume, M., Dumont, E., Godfrey, L. and Grosse, I. (2014). The effects of relative food item size on optimal tooth cusp sharpness during brittle food item processing. Interface. 11 (101), p. 20140965. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.0965